A beginners guide to the Metric System


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Published: 3 years ago
The metric system is a system of measurement used throughout the world.
http://www.moomoomathblog.com/2015/12/understanding-metric-system.html

In this video you will learn the basics of the metric system.


Transcript

Hello welcome to MooMooMath where we upload a new math video everyday.
Today I would like to talk about the metric system
The metric system is a system of measurement used throughout the world, and the scientific community.
It is based on tens, and can be easy to use.
Let’s begin with some basic units of measurement.
Lets start with seven frequently used units of the metric system.
Starting at the left and moving to the right, we have,
Kilo, Hecto, Deka, Base Unit, Deci, Centi, Milli
Starting at the base unit, and moving to the left, the deka would have a value of 10 , hecto a value of 100’s, and a kilo a 1000.
Next, if you start at the base and move to the right a deci is 1/10,centi is 1/100, and milli is 1/1000
Now let’s talk about the base units.
There are three main base units, and they give you a clue as to what is being measured. A meter is used for length, a liter for volume, and a gram for measuring mass.
All three of these base units are related.
A meter is 1/10 millionth the distance from the North Pole to the equator, on a meridian that passes through Paris.
If you take this distance and divide it into 10 million small units, you have a meter.
If you divide the meter into 10 equal parts you have 10 decimeters. If you divide a decimeter in tenths you have created a centimeters. If you divide the centimeter into 10 small parts you have a millimeter.
On the other hand, if you have 1000 meters you have 1 kilometer.

A liter is the volume of one cubic decimeter.
You can see how they are related.
A liter the volume of one decimeter.

Again you can subdivide the liter into a centiliter which is 1/10 of a liter.
A gram is equal to the mass of 1 cubic centimeter of water.
Finally let’s look at one more example of how the metric system works.

If you measure a distance of 5 kilometers this will be equal to 50 Hectometers, 500 dekameters, 5000 meters, 50,000 decimeters,500,000 centimeters, 5,000000 millimeters

One nice characteristic of the metric system is how easy it is to convert from one unit to another.
I have created another video on how to convert within the metric system.

Hope this helps, and MooMooMath uploads a new Math video everyday.

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comment  Comments

Thanks for the feedback. I used meter, liter, and gram as base units. I didn't mean they were the official SI units. I was trying to make the point the suffix in the metric unit provides clues to what you are measuring. Sorry for any confusion. Below are the official SI units. Also, a centiliter is not 1/10 of a liter but 1/100. Sorry for the error.
Length Meter m
Mass Kilogram kg
Temperature Kelvin K
Time Second s
Amount of Substance Mole mol
Electric Current Ampere I
Luminous Intensity Lumen Iv

1 year ago

It is indeed liter, it sinply depends on your country. In Germany we use Liter, and that is Fine. Whether you use the english litre/ liter depends on wether you are using AE/ BE. And deka and hector are used, but not as frequently

5 months ago

Actually it is litre and not liter... if you are going to standardize, at least standardize on the spelling. And just seconds into this video it became confusing and non educational because it talks about divisions or multipliers that are NOT used anywhere. Hecto? Deka? Come on! You should take this video down and redo it properly IMHO. No wonder Americans get confused!

11 months ago

3=. C. n. D $ ch. I MooMoo Math and Science

1 year ago

MooMoo Math and Science

1 year ago

That's a lot easier than I thought it be

2 weeks ago

Thanks from us Americans.

3 weeks ago

This makes no sense. Lol #KEEPAMERICAGREAT🇺🇸💪🏻

4 weeks ago

It sure does to me

3 weeks ago

"No one uses deka/hecto/deci" True, but it makes understanding the metric system easiest with them, for with them in place everything can be divided or multiplied by 10. Once you've mastered the metric system you can simply forget about those three.

4 weeks ago

Thanks for sharing, it was useful n well made video

2 months ago

It's Maths by the way. Not Math.

2 months ago

What? I'm lost

2 months ago

Thanks for this but please learn to pronounce "especially'. There's no x in especially.

2 months ago

Thanks for the feedback. Hope the video was helpful.

2 months ago

One cl is 1/100 of a liter and not 1/10th.

2 months ago

Plz make video on converting metric system

2 months ago

I feel as though the imperial system is much easier, I'll stick to what is practical

2 months ago

Great explaination :)

3 months ago

i love you guy thank you so much

4 months ago

Thanks for the kind words

4 months ago

ily

4 months ago

It is nice😃😊😘

4 months ago

Thanks

4 months ago

It helps, trying to teach myself metric since it's not used in the US

5 months ago

Yes metric is really a great system

5 months ago

Math questions cool
In my feelings

5 months ago

You are overcomplicating the metric system and maybe even discouraging Americans to learn it!

5 months ago

Thanks for the feedback

5 months ago